Publishing Ethics

The Applied Probability journals encourage high standards of ethical behaviour at all stages of the publication process by adhering to the principles outlined below. These principles are consistent with the Committee on Publication Ethics' (COPE) best practice guidelines.


Papers submitted to the Applied Probability journals are considered on the understanding that they have not been published previously and are not under consideration by another publication.

Accepted papers will not be published elsewhere without the written permission of the Trust.

Language and Exposition

Submitted papers should be in English. It is the author's responsibility to ensure an acceptable standard of language, and a paper failing to meet this requirement may be sent back to the author for rewriting before being sent out for review.

Authorship of the paper

All authors are expected to have made a significant contribution to the paper, to be familiar with its contents, to have consented to be listed as an author, and to have agreed to its submission for publication. The order in which the authors’ names appear is left to the discretion of the authors.

Should adding and/or deleting authors be warranted at a revision stage, the revised paper must be accompanied by a letter explaining the reasons for the change.

Plagiarism and self-plagiarism

Plagiarism occurs when another author's work (data, text, or theory) is appropriated without proper acknowledgment. Self-plagiarism occurs when an author recycles content from their own previously published paper without reference to that publication.

Submitted papers should not contain plagiarized or self-plagiarized content from other works. All sources should be acknowledged, including in relation to material that is copied near verbatim, summarized or paraphrased. Quotation marks must be used for verbatim copying and if a significant amount of prior published work is used then permission must be secured by the author in accordance with copyright law.

The Applied Probability journals use iThenticate to check each manuscript for possible cases of plagiarism as a first step in the submission process. Any suspected cases of plagiarism will be handled as specified in the COPE guidelines.

Posting submitted papers to recognized preprint servers, such as arXiv, does not constitute prior publication and so will not preclude consideration for publication on the grounds of self-plagiarism.

Conflicts of interest

It is the responsibility of the author to declare any professional, financial or personal conflict of interest with a potential referee/editor of their article upon submission.


Once an article has been published, it becomes the version of record and cannot be altered. If an author identifies a significant error in their published paper, they should submit a correction that clearly details the error for approval by the Editors.

A published correction will be linked online to its parent published article.

Editorial process

All submitted papers are first considered by the Executive Editor and the Editor-in-Chief. They will make a decision to either
  • reject the paper immediately if it is out-of-scope, contains plagiarism severe enough to justify immediate rejection or clearly does not meet the standards of the Applied Probability journals;
  • return the paper to the author to improve the exposition, remove mild cases of plagiarism or correct obvious mathematical errors; or
  • forward the paper to an Editor for handling.

The Applied Probability journals operate under a single-blind peer review process, where the referee's identity is not revealed to the author, but the identity of the author is known to the referee.

Editors and referees are expected to declare potential conflicts of interest with any authors of a submission, such as competitive or collaborative relationships.

A paper under review is considered confidential information, and Editors and referees must respect that confidentiality and not discuss the paper with others.

A referee who seeks the opinion of a colleague when reporting on a paper should disclose the colleague's identity to the Editor. Those who provide opinions are subject to the same confidentiality and conflict of interest principles fundamental to the peer review process.

The Editor-in-Chief has the authority to make the final decision on any paper. However, he or she will consider an appeal against a rejection decision, made by an author who believes that there are justifying grounds. Authors who wish to make such an appeal should submit a letter to the Editor-in-Chief detailing the reasons for the appeal. The Editor-in-Chief will then consider the merits of the appeal. Upholding a decision on appeal is considered final.